Input data set: Historical, gridded land use (HYDE 3.2)

Historical land-use (LU) changes from the HYDE3.2 data (Klein Goldewijk, 2016) (see Figure 3).

Data Type: Land use
Simulation rounds: ISIMIP2b
Scenarios: histsoc

Three, consistently generated disaggregation levels are provided:
* 5 Rainfed crop land, irrigated crop land, pastures and total crop land (the sum of rainfed and irrigated) * filename includes “landuse-totals”
* As above, with crop land divided into 5 functional crop types (LUH2) – filename includes “landuse-5crops”
* As above, with crop land divided into 15 individual crops or crop groups (based on (Monfreda et al., 2008)) – filename includes “landuse-15crops”

Data source

Klein Goldewijk, Dr. ir. C.G.M. (Utrecht University) (2016): A historical land use data set for the Holocene; HYDE 3.2 (replaced). DANS.

Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: New anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene; HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., doi:10.5194/essd-2016-58, in review, 2016.


There is a known problem that in some cells the land-use fraction falls to zero and then rises up again. This issue is being investigated.

Download Instructions

For ISIMIP participants, these files are available for download on the DKRZ server vre2 using the path /ISIMIP/ISIMIP2b/InputData/landuse/histsoc.

For external users, these data will shortly be made available on the ISIMIP node of the ESGF server ( Currently they are available via an rsync facility (described here:, for which the password will be provided upon request (