Input data set: GFDL-ESM2M

Pre-industrial (1661-1860), historical (1861-2010) and future (RCP2.6, RCP6.0 and RCP8.5) conditions provided based on CMIP5 output from GFDL-ESM2M. Output includes the physical and biogeochemical ocean data required by the marine ecosystem sector of ISIMIP.

Data Type: Simulated atmospheric climate
Simulation rounds: ISIMIP2b
Scenarios: historical, rcp26, rcp60, rcp85
Variables: tasmax, tas, tasmin, rlds, hurs, huss, sfcWind, psl, rsds, prsn, ps, pr

Model data has been bias corrected by applying an updated version of the method used in the ISIMIP Fast Track, where a composite dataset 'EWEMBI' was used as the target observational data set. Detailed information can be found in the bias-correction fact sheet here:

Data source

Original GCM data have been extracted from the CMIP5 archive.


Note that the 'picontrol' data span the years 1661-2299, as required in the ISIMIP2b experiments.

Download Instructions

For ISIMIP participants, these files are available for download on the DKRZ server vre2 using the path /ISIMIP/ISIMIP2b/InputData/GCM_atmosphere/biascorrected.

For external users, these data are available on the ISIMIP node of the ESGF server (

Data files are provided that cover the entire earth surface (global), or land only (in the folder climate_landonly). The data are divided into scenarios, as described in the ISIMIP2b simulation protocol.